The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. It was created in 1994 and was adopted for statistics from 1999. Essex has the highest population in the region.
Its population as of the 2001 census was 5,388,140. The area is one of the flattest in the UK; the lowest point in the UK is Holme Fen, which is 3 metres below sea level. Cambridgeshire is part of The Fens. The highest place is the top of the Dunstable Downs at 243 m (797 ft).
Norwich, Peterborough, Luton and Southend-on-Sea are the region’s most populous urban areas. The southern part of the region lies in the London commuter belt.
In common usage the easterly parts of this area have long been, and continue to be known as East Anglia. The areas closer to London are more commonly called part of the South East with Hertfordshire and Essex included in the “Home Counties”.
The region includes the ceremonial counties of: