Market Weighton is a small town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is one of the main market towns in the East Yorkshire Wolds and lies midway between Hull and York, about 20 miles (32 km) from either one. According to the 2001 UK census, Market Weighton parish had a population of 5,212.
Historically it is listed in the Domesday Book as “Wicstun” and was granted its charter to become a market town in 1251. Notable architecture includes: a parish church, parts of which are Norman, the Londesborough Arms (an 18th century coaching inn), a Wesleyan chapel, a Methodist chapel and a high street still recognisable from the 1800s. Other sights of interest include the post office, the duck pond and Station Farm. Market Weighton history includes William Bradley, the Yorkshire Giant who at the age of 20 was seven feet and nine inches tall. Another resident was Peg Fyfe, a local witch, who reputedly skinned a young local resident alive in the 1660s and was later hanged for the crime, but swallowed a spoon to save herself only to be “finished off” by two passing knights.
In May of each year local residents take to the streets of Market Weighton for the Giant Bradley Day festival in a celebration of the life and times of William Bradley.
Industry in the town is largely based around agriculture. The town is known geologically for having given its name to the Market Weighton Axis.
The Yorkshire Wolds Way National Trail, a long distance footpath, passes through the town.
The town was also the centre of the Weighton Area Regeneration Partnership (WARP), a brand identity launched in 2003 to create a cohesive image that could be used by local businesses in their publicity. Part of this identity is the moniker ‘the heart of Yorkshire'; signifying both its central location in the county and the strength of the local community, who chose the phrase. Though this organisation was dissolved in 2012, the phrase lives on in the public consciousness and is retained on local signage.
Market Weighton railway station was at the junction of the lines to Selby, Driffield, York and Beverley. The last train ran in 1965. The abandoned lines to Beverley, and to Selby are now used as public paths, as the Hudson Way and Bubwith Rail Trail respectively. The Minsters Rail Campaign is campaigning to re-open the railway line between Beverley and York (with stops at Stamford Bridge, Pocklington and Market Weighton). The re-opened railway would skirt the edge of the town as the former alignment has since been developed.
The three-mile £5.1 million A1079 bypass opened in March 1991.