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Great Floods of the English Towns

See also Great Fires of the English Towns. 1099 –  St Martin’s flood of London. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ‘the sea flood sprung up to such a height and did so much harm as no man remembered that it ever did before’. 1236 – Great Flood in London. Possible to row boats into Westminster […]

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UNESCO World Heritage Sites

There are 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in England (one shared with Germany). The first to be inscribed on the World Heritage List (in 1986) were Durham Castle and Cathedral; Ironbridge Gorge; Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey; and Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites. Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine’s […]

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English Cathedrals

The medieval cathedrals of England, dating from between approximately 1040 and 1540, are a group of twenty-six buildings which together constitute a major aspect of the country’s artistic heritage and are among the most significant material symbols of Christianity. Though diversified in style, they are united by a common function. As cathedrals, each of these […]

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Towns’ Prisons to Close

Most of the the seven public-sector prisons to close under a £63m a year cost-saving drive announced by the Secretary State for Justice, Chris Grayling, are at the centre of English towns.  The 2,600 “old and uneconomic places” will be removed by closing the following prisons: HMP Bullwood Hall – next to Rayleigh Essex HMP […]

Victorian Post Boxes

The first post box installed in an England town was in Carlisle in 1853 – the spot is now marked by a replica Victorian box.  The oldest still functioning in England are the pair in Framlingham in Suffolk. This pair were founded by Andrew Handyside & Co of Derby in 1856.  There is one in […]

It’s Official – There is no definition of an English Town!

I am writing in response to your e-mail of 9 April asking for a complete list of towns in England – including those without a Town Council – and the criterion and date by which each became a town. Your request has been considered under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FOI Act). I regret […]

Great Fires of the English Towns

One of the many forces for destruction of English towns over the centuries has been fire (see also Great Floods of the English Towns).  The following were catastrophic examples: Great Fire of Rochester (1137): In 1130 Rochester cathedral was consecrated by the Archbishop of Canterbury, assisted by thirteen bishops in the presence of Henry I, […]

Anti-supermarket development protests

According to This is Cornwall, Fowey is the latest town to campaign against possible supermarket development. Tescopoly lists 465 current and recent UK campaigns (!) including the following in England: Abbeydale Rd, Sheffield Abingdon Road, Oxford Abingdon, Oxfordshire Acocks Green, Birmingham Ainsdale, Southport Allenton, Derby Alton, Hampshire Amble, Northumberland Ambleside, Cumbria Amersham, Buckinghamshire Amesbury, Salisbury […]

Cheltenham General Hospital

Cheltenham General Hospital. Built in 1848 by architect DJ Humphris in Greek Revival style. Rendered stone with slate roof, ashlar portico and dressings, lateral stucco stacks.